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          別再傻傻分不清!初中英語易混詞全匯總!


            1.abroad到國外 go abroad

            board板 on board

            2. across介詞,表面穿過 walk across the road

            cross動詞 cross the road

            through介詞,空間穿過 go through the window

            past介詞,經過 walk past the post office

            pass動詞 pass the test

            3. alive 活著的 I am still alive.

            live 現場直播 is covered live

            居住 live in the city

            lively活潑的 make his class lively and interesting

            livingmake a living/ a living room

            4.lonely孤獨 feel lonely

            孤零零 a lonely house

            alone獨自 live alone

            along沿著 walk along the street

            5.asleep睡著的 fall asleep

            sleepy困倦的feel sleepy

            6. fall落下,倒 fall down

            fell :fall的過去式 (fall—fell---fallen)

            feel覺得 feel sleepy/tired---過去式felt

            7. badly---worse

            Jim acted badly, but Tom did worse.

            well—better

            He plays football well and his father does better.

            8. bor ing, interesting, exciting, tiring…修飾物 an interesting story

            bored, interested, excited, tired…修飾人 feel bored

            9.borrow 借進(以句子主語為參照物)

            May I borrow your pen?

            lend借出(以句子主語為參照物)

            Could you lend me some money?

            keep借一段時間

            How long can I keep the magazine?

            10. both兩者都 Both of his parents are workers.

            all三者以上都 All of my classmates are from China.

            neither兩者都不 Neither of my hands is clean.

            none沒有一個(三者及以上)None of the four apples is/are red.

            nothing什么都沒有 There’s nothing in the fridge.

            11. care:take care of

            careful 形,仔細的be careful with fire

            carefully 副,仔細地 listen carefully

            careless 形,粗心的 a careless student

            carelessly副,粗心地drive carelessly

            carelessness名,粗心 Your carelessness led to the mistake.

            12.take帶走(以說話者為中心)remember to take a raincoat

            bring帶來(以說話者為中心)bring your book here

            carry拿,無方向 Could you help me carry the books?

            13.close動詞,關閉close the door

            形,親密的 my closest friend

            closed 形,關著的 keep the door closed

            closely副,密切地 work closely with us

            15. brave形,勇敢的

            He is brave enough to save the old man.

            courage名,勇氣

            have the courage to tell him the bad news

            bravely副,勇敢地

            face the difficulties bravely

            16. dead 形,死的 have been dead

            die 動,死亡 die of hunger

            death名,死亡 the death of his pet makes him so sad.

            17. especially副,尤其 He is good at all subjects, especially maths.

            specially副,專門 The pen is specially designed for the boy.

            special形,特殊的 a special day

            18. except除了

            All the students except Tom will go for a school trip.

            expect 期待

            You are expected to bring it back when you return.

            19.excited形,激動的,修飾人feel excited

            exciting形,激動人心的,修飾物 an exciting film

            excitedly副,修飾人 shouted excitedly

            excitement名shout with excitement

            20.a little一些,修飾不可數名詞 a little money

            a few一些,修飾可數名詞 a few trees

            little幾乎沒有,修飾不可數名詞 There’s little water in the glass, is it?

            few幾乎沒有,修飾可數名詞 so few students

            21.form形成 form a good reading habit

            from從……

            22.France法國/ French 法語

            German德國的/ Germany 德國

            23.hard努力 work hard

            hardly幾乎不 The boy hardly does his homework.

            24. healthy健康的 keep healthy

            health健康 it’s good for your health

            healthily健康地 eat healthily

            25.if如果 主將從現 If he comes, I’ll call you.

            是否 I don’t know if he will come here.

            whether是否 (如與or連用,則用)

            I wonder whether he’ll come or not.

            weather天氣

            What will the weather be like tomorrow?

            26.include 動詞 包括

            The list includes the names of many famous writers.

            including 介詞

            They have many pets, including three cats.

            27. invent動詞 發明 Edison invented a lot of things.

            invention名詞 發明 The invention made much difference to humans.

            inventor名詞 發明者 Edison was a great inventor.

            28.last 上一個的 last year;

            最后的 make her last apperance

            動詞,持續 The meeting will last one and a half hours.

            lasting 形,持久的 a lasting value

            29. lie名詞,謊言 tell a lie

            動詞,說謊 He is always lying to us.

            動詞,位于Japan lies to the east of China.

            動詞,躺,平放 He likes lying on the grass.

            躺,平放;位于:lie—lay---lain

            說謊:lie-lied-lied

            30.luck名,運氣 good luck

            lucky 形,幸運的a lucky number

            luckily 副,幸運的是 Luckily, we got better marks.

            unlucky/unluckily

            31.noise名,噪音 Don’t make any noise.

            noisy 形,吵鬧的 much too noisy

            noisily副,吵鬧地 talk noisily

            32.noise 噪音

            sound 聲音We sat listening to the sound of the waves

            聽起來 The music sounds beautiful.

            voice嗓音 The singer has a sweet voice.

            33. provide 提供

            provide a chance for the boy=provide the boy with a chance

            offer :offer a chance to the boy=offer the boy a chance

            34. other別的 ,加名詞 other students

            another另一個 I don’t like the pair of shoes, would you like to show me another pair?

            the other兩個中的另一個,常用one…the other Here is a shoe, where’s the other one?

            others= other+名詞

            35.over/ under年齡的上下

            above/ below溫度,樓層的上下

            36. peace名詞,和平 love peace

            peaceful形,寧靜的 a peaceful village

            peacefully副,和平地

            we hope to solve the problem peacefully.

            37. pleasure名,樂意。對方請求幫助—With pleasure. 幫助后對方感謝—My pleasure./ It’s my pleasure.

            pleasant 形, 修飾物 a pleasant trip

            pleased形,修飾人 I am pleased with the robot.

            38. pollute動,污染 The water will be polluted if you do that.

            polluted形,被污染的 Our planet is becoming more and more polluted and crowded.

            pollution名,污染 noise pollution

            39. quiet 安靜的 keep quiet

            quite相當 quite quiet

            40. receive收到

            accept 接受

            I received a valuable gift but I didn’t accept it because of its value.

            41. realize 實現,主語為人

            I am sure you will realize your dream.

            come true實現,主語為物

            I hope your dream will come true.

            42.raise升起,及物動詞,后面必須跟賓語 raise your hand/ raise the national flag( raise—raised—raised)

            rise不及物動詞,后面不可以跟賓語 the sun rises, the price rises, the water level rises( rise—rose---risen)

            43. sad 形,悲傷的 too sad to say a word

            sadness名 ,悲傷 share your joy and sadness

            sadly 副,遺憾的是 Sadly, few people were saved.

            44. safe 形,安全的 a safe place

            safety 名,安全 Safety comes first.

            safely 副,安全地 The plane landed safely.

            save動,挽救 save money, save his life

            45. satisfied形,滿意的

            I am not satisfied with the machine at all.

            satisfy 動,滿足 satisfy your need

            46.search搜索(范圍)

            search for(目標)The police are searching the city for the murderer.

            47. serve動,服務 serve the old couple politely

            service名 I will never forget its good service./ be in service

            48. smile名,微笑 wear a big smile on her face

            動 smile at me kindly

            smiling形,微笑的

            Her smiling eyes make her loved by all the people.

            49. succeed動,成功

            At last, he succeeded in winning the first prize.

            success名,成功

            It turned out that her speech was a big success.

            successful 形,成功的

            I’m sure that you’ll be successful.

            successfully 副,成功地

            At last, he won the first prize successfully.

            50.take花費(時間),主語是物

            How long does it take you to fly to Chengdu?

            spend 花費時間或金錢,主語為人

            He spent 10,000 yuan on the bike.

            cost 花費金錢,主語為物

            The flat cost me 1,000,000 yuan.

            pay 花費金錢,主語為人

            They pay 100 yuan for the shoes.

            51.though雖然I take my medicine, though I do not like it.

            thought想的過去式 I've thought about it for some time.

            想法 Her thought isn’t the same as mine.

            through (從空間)通過the light shines through the sharp teeth

            52. wide形,寬的 The river is 300 metres wide.

            副,充分地 open his eyes wide

            widely 副,廣泛地 English is widely used all over the world.

            53. hope希望hope to do;實現的可能性大;不可用hope sb. to do, 可改用hope 從句結構 I hope to go to college.

            My father hopes that I can go to college.

            wish 希望,可用wish sb. to do;實現的可能性不大,所以從句用虛擬語氣I wish I could get rid of the habit of smoking.

            54.worry名, 擔憂 share your worries with me

            動,擔憂 Don’t worry about your exams.

            worried形,擔心的 I am so worried about his health that I can’t sleep well.

            55. have sb. do sth.讓某人做某事,類似于make sb. do:

            Will you like to have him call you back ?

            have sth done請人做

            Her father had the book punished.

            have sth to do有……要做

            I have too much homework to do today.

            have done sth做了某事

            I have finished all my homework now.


          編輯整理:武漢龍門尚學

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