1.abroad到國外 go abroad
board板 on board
2. across介詞，表面穿過 walk across the road
cross動詞 cross the road
through介詞，空間穿過 go through the window
past介詞，經過 walk past the post office
pass動詞 pass the test
3. alive 活著的 I am still alive.
live 現場直播 is covered live
居住 live in the city
lively活潑的 make his class lively and interesting
livingmake a living/ a living room
4.lonely孤獨 feel lonely
孤零零 a lonely house
alone獨自 live alone
along沿著 walk along the street
5.asleep睡著的 fall asleep
6. fall落下，倒 fall down
fell ：fall的過去式 (fall—fell---fallen)
feel覺得 feel sleepy/tired---過去式felt
Jim acted badly, but Tom did worse.
He plays football well and his father does better.
8. bor ing, interesting, exciting, tiring…修飾物 an interesting story
bored, interested, excited, tired…修飾人 feel bored
May I borrow your pen?
Could you lend me some money?
How long can I keep the magazine?
10. both兩者都 Both of his parents are workers.
all三者以上都 All of my classmates are from China.
neither兩者都不 Neither of my hands is clean.
none沒有一個(三者及以上)None of the four apples is/are red.
nothing什么都沒有 There’s nothing in the fridge.
11. care：take care of
careful 形，仔細的be careful with fire
carefully 副，仔細地 listen carefully
careless 形，粗心的 a careless student
carelessness名，粗心 Your carelessness led to the mistake.
12.take帶走(以說話者為中心)remember to take a raincoat
bring帶來(以說話者為中心)bring your book here
carry拿，無方向 Could you help me carry the books?
13.close動詞，關閉close the door
形，親密的 my closest friend
closed 形，關著的 keep the door closed
closely副，密切地 work closely with us
He is brave enough to save the old man.
have the courage to tell him the bad news
face the difficulties bravely
16. dead 形，死的 have been dead
die 動，死亡 die of hunger
death名，死亡 the death of his pet makes him so sad.
17. especially副，尤其 He is good at all subjects, especially maths.
specially副，專門 The pen is specially designed for the boy.
special形，特殊的 a special day
All the students except Tom will go for a school trip.
You are expected to bring it back when you return.
exciting形，激動人心的，修飾物 an exciting film
excitedly副，修飾人 shouted excitedly
excitement名shout with excitement
20.a little一些，修飾不可數名詞 a little money
a few一些，修飾可數名詞 a few trees
little幾乎沒有，修飾不可數名詞 There’s little water in the glass, is it?
few幾乎沒有，修飾可數名詞 so few students
21.form形成 form a good reading habit
22.France法國/ French 法語
German德國的/ Germany 德國
23.hard努力 work hard
hardly幾乎不 The boy hardly does his homework.
24. healthy健康的 keep healthy
health健康 it’s good for your health
healthily健康地 eat healthily
25.if如果 主將從現 If he comes, I’ll call you.
是否 I don’t know if he will come here.
I wonder whether he’ll come or not.
What will the weather be like tomorrow?
26.include 動詞 包括
The list includes the names of many famous writers.
They have many pets, including three cats.
27. invent動詞 發明 Edison invented a lot of things.
invention名詞 發明 The invention made much difference to humans.
inventor名詞 發明者 Edison was a great inventor.
28.last 上一個的 last year;
最后的 make her last apperance
動詞，持續 The meeting will last one and a half hours.
lasting 形，持久的 a lasting value
29. lie名詞，謊言 tell a lie
動詞，說謊 He is always lying to us.
動詞，位于Japan lies to the east of China.
動詞，躺，平放 He likes lying on the grass.
30.luck名，運氣 good luck
lucky 形，幸運的a lucky number
luckily 副，幸運的是 Luckily, we got better marks.
31.noise名，噪音 Don’t make any noise.
noisy 形，吵鬧的 much too noisy
noisily副，吵鬧地 talk noisily
sound 聲音We sat listening to the sound of the waves
聽起來 The music sounds beautiful.
voice嗓音 The singer has a sweet voice.
33. provide 提供
provide a chance for the boy=provide the boy with a chance
offer :offer a chance to the boy=offer the boy a chance
34. other別的 ，加名詞 other students
another另一個 I don’t like the pair of shoes, would you like to show me another pair?
the other兩個中的另一個,常用one…the other Here is a shoe, where’s the other one?
36. peace名詞，和平 love peace
peaceful形，寧靜的 a peaceful village
we hope to solve the problem peacefully.
37. pleasure名，樂意。對方請求幫助—With pleasure. 幫助后對方感謝—My pleasure./ It’s my pleasure.
pleasant 形， 修飾物 a pleasant trip
pleased形，修飾人 I am pleased with the robot.
38. pollute動，污染 The water will be polluted if you do that.
polluted形，被污染的 Our planet is becoming more and more polluted and crowded.
pollution名，污染 noise pollution
39. quiet 安靜的 keep quiet
quite相當 quite quiet
I received a valuable gift but I didn’t accept it because of its value.
41. realize 實現，主語為人
I am sure you will realize your dream.
I hope your dream will come true.
42.raise升起，及物動詞，后面必須跟賓語 raise your hand/ raise the national flag( raise—raised—raised)
rise不及物動詞，后面不可以跟賓語 the sun rises, the price rises, the water level rises( rise—rose---risen)
43. sad 形，悲傷的 too sad to say a word
sadness名 ，悲傷 share your joy and sadness
sadly 副，遺憾的是 Sadly, few people were saved.
44. safe 形，安全的 a safe place
safety 名，安全 Safety comes first.
safely 副，安全地 The plane landed safely.
save動，挽救 save money, save his life
I am not satisfied with the machine at all.
satisfy 動，滿足 satisfy your need
search for(目標)The police are searching the city for the murderer.
47. serve動,服務 serve the old couple politely
service名 I will never forget its good service./ be in service
48. smile名，微笑 wear a big smile on her face
動 smile at me kindly
Her smiling eyes make her loved by all the people.
At last, he succeeded in winning the first prize.
It turned out that her speech was a big success.
I’m sure that you’ll be successful.
At last, he won the first prize successfully.
How long does it take you to fly to Chengdu?
He spent 10,000 yuan on the bike.
The flat cost me 1,000,000 yuan.
They pay 100 yuan for the shoes.
51.though雖然I take my medicine, though I do not like it.
thought想的過去式 I've thought about it for some time.
想法 Her thought isn’t the same as mine.
through (從空間)通過the light shines through the sharp teeth
52. wide形，寬的 The river is 300 metres wide.
副，充分地 open his eyes wide
widely 副，廣泛地 English is widely used all over the world.
53. hope希望hope to do;實現的可能性大;不可用hope sb. to do, 可改用hope 從句結構 I hope to go to college.
My father hopes that I can go to college.
wish 希望，可用wish sb. to do;實現的可能性不大，所以從句用虛擬語氣I wish I could get rid of the habit of smoking.
54.worry名， 擔憂 share your worries with me
動，擔憂 Don’t worry about your exams.
worried形，擔心的 I am so worried about his health that I can’t sleep well.
55. have sb. do sth.讓某人做某事，類似于make sb. do:
Will you like to have him call you back ?
have sth done請人做
Her father had the book punished.
have sth to do有……要做
I have too much homework to do today.
have done sth做了某事
I have finished all my homework now.
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報名咨詢: 柳老師 15527095332