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          高分作文寫作技巧 滿分句型養成 分類寫作提綱


            如何寫好高考作文

            一、結構要清晰

            結構清晰這點真的很重要,我們都知道,閱卷老師們要在規定的時間內批閱上千份作文,而清晰的結構,會讓閱卷老師一目了然,自然就會喜歡你的作文。

            什么結構好呢?那就是三段式。

            第一段要開門見山,直接拿出主題。給大家舉個例子,比如,寫我的媽媽,第一段直接就說 My mother is a worker. She is beautiful and she is a good mother. 明確自己的觀點。

            第二段就要說,她為什么是一個好媽媽。1. She works hard. 2. She is very strict with me. 3. She always encourages me and help me when I am in trouble. 詳細說出媽媽的優點。

            第三段得出結論。大家可以發表自己的觀點,也可以提出建議和希望。如,I love my mother. I love my family!

            二、時態要準確

            英語作文除了結構,還有一個是閱卷老師最敏感的,那就是時態,這也是一篇作文是否得高分的關鍵。要明確文章的時態、同時人稱要一致、數要一致、首尾要呼應。再根據內容要求,現確定事情是過去已經發生還是未來即將發生,比如記敘一件事要用一般過去時;寫經常發生的事或對人物的描寫,要用一般現在時;對于未來的憧憬要用一般將來時;過去的事情對現在造成的影響或過去延續到現在的狀況都用現在完成時。一定不能亂用亂配。

            三、短語運用要靈活

            同學們在寫作文的時候,要盡量使用有把握的詞,避免不必要的失分。當然,定語從句、賓語從句等句型,在關鍵的時候用上一兩個,會增添你文章的文采。在英語中存在很多簡單又能表達很多意思的短語。這些短語的運用可以使作文更加原汁原味。

            四、寫全要點

            近年的各地高考英語提示性作文比較多,也就是說寫作內容幾乎都有要點提示,確切地說就是給出寫作提綱,這種作文,同學們一定記住不要逐字翻譯,但是提示點必須在文章中有所體現。文章寫得再好,如果缺少了要點就會扣分的。所以要點也就是文章的第二段內容,同學們要把提示點寫全,然后圍繞提示點充分發揮,豐富自己所寫的內容。

            五、長短句原則

            工作還得一張一弛呢,老讓閱卷老師讀長句,累死人!寫一個短小精辟的句子,相反,卻可以起到畫龍點睛的作用。而且如果我們把短句放在段首或者段末,也可以揭示主題:

            As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one action is to meet the primary need of my body and the other is to satisfy the intellectual need of mind, they are in a way quite similar.

            如此可見,長短句結合,抑揚頓挫,豈不爽哉?牢記!

            強烈建議:在文章第一段(開頭)用一長一短,且先長后短;在文章主體部分,要先用一個短句解釋主要意思,然后在闡述幾個要點的時候采用先短后長的句群形式,定會讓主體部分妙筆生輝!文章結尾一般用一長一短就可以了。

            六、主題句原則

            國有其君,家有其主,文章也要有其主。否則會給人造成“群龍無首”之感!相信各位讀過一些破爛文學,故意把主體隱藏在文章之內,結果造成我們稀里糊涂!不知所云!所以奉勸各位一定要寫一個主題句,放在文章的開頭(保險型)或者結尾,讓讀者一目了然,必會平安無事!

            特別提示:隱藏主題句可是要冒險的!

            To begin with, you must work hard at your lessons and be fully prepared before the exam(主題句). Without sufficient preparation, you can hardly expect to answer all the questions correctly.

            七、一二三原則

            領導講話總是第一部分、第一點、第二點、第三點、第二部分、第一點…如此羅嗦??僧吘惯€是條理清楚。閱卷老師們看文章也必然要通過這些關鍵性的“標簽”來判定你的文章是否結構清楚,條理自然。破解方法很簡單,只要把下面任何一組的詞匯加入到你的幾個要點前就清楚了。

            1)first, second, third, last(不推薦,原因:俗)

            2)firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally(不推薦,原因:俗)

            3)the first, the second, the third, the last(不推薦,原因:俗)

            4)in the first place, in the second place, in the third place, lastly(不推薦,原因:俗)

            5)to begin with, then, furthermore, finally(強烈推薦)

            6)to start with, next, in addition, finally(強烈推薦)

            7)first and foremost, besides, last but not least(強烈推薦)

            8)most important of all, moreover, finally

            9)on the one hand, on the other hand(適用于兩點的情況)

            10)for one thing, for another thing(適用于兩點的情況)

            建議:不僅僅在寫作中注意,平時說話的時候也應該條理清楚!

            八、短語優先原則

            寫作時,尤其是在考試時,如果使用短語,有兩個好處:其一、用短語會使文章增加亮點,如果老師們看到你的文章太簡單,看不到一個自己不認識的短語,必然會看你低一等。相反,如果發現亮點—精彩的短語,那么你的文章定會得高分了。其二、關鍵時刻思維短路,只有湊字數,怎么辦?用短語是一個辦法!比如:

            I cannot bear it.

            可以用短語表達:I cannot put up with it.

            I want it.

            可以用短語表達:I am looking forward to it.

            這樣字數明顯增加,表達也更準確。

            九、 多實少虛原則

            原因很簡單,寫文章還是應該寫一些實際的東西,不要空話連篇。這就要求一定要多用實詞,少用虛詞。我這里所說的虛詞就是指那些比較大的詞。比如我們說一個很好的時候,不應該之說nice這樣空洞的詞,應該使用一些諸如generous, humorous, interesting, smart, gentle, warm-hearted之類的形象詞。再比如:

            走出房間,general的詞是:walk out of the room

            但是小偷走出房間應該說:slip out of the room

            小姐走出房間應該說:sail out of the room

            小孩走出房間應該說:dance out of the room

            老人走出房間應該說:stagger out of the room

            所以多用實詞,少用虛詞,文章將會大放異彩!

            滿分句型養成

            問題1.如何讓表達更具體、更具有畫面感 Specific

            方法: 用狀語從句,為事情的發生鋪墊背景

            (1)When I arrived at Wander Theme Park(萬達樂園),I felt quiet hungry.

            (提供時間背景)

            (2)If you take a ride in Wheel of Flames(風火飛輪),you can feel extremely free.

            (提供條件背景)

            (3)I chose to take Rig Hazard(鉆塔急墜),so that I could take a birds-eye view of the theme park.

            (提供目的背景)

            (4) I recommend watching the play in Feishui Theatre (淝水劇場),because it offers grand scerce.

            (提供原因背景)

            (5) Although Mountain Spiash(急流勇進) is a popular project, it can make our bodies wet through.

            (提供遞進背景)

            方法:用定語從句讓主句中的人物、事物、時間、地點形象更飽滿,描述更精確

            問題2:如何讓表達更有機、更有容量?Organic

            答:用名詞性從句,非謂語,省略句

            (1)What I experienced in the park has left a deep impression on my mind.

            (2)I believe that the project Big wheel(摩天輪) is most amusing.

            (3) I love the project called Soaring with Dragon.(白龍飛天)

            ◎ Riding Soaring with Dragon supplies me a feeling of flying.

            ◎ To entertain myself, I took a ride on Anhui in the Air.(飛越安徽)

            (4) While (I was) taking photos, I found that the battery of my iphone lost its power.

            問題3:如何讓表達更地道 Idiomatic

            1)用固定短語表達從句:

            2)用感嘆句

            How exciting it is to overlook the theme park!

            What a grand (壯觀的)scene it is!

            3)用“如此…以致”句

            The packed lunch was so expensive that I coundn?t afford it!

            4)用強調句型

            It was you that comforted me to calm down

            分類作文提綱

            一、活動介紹類

            首段:

            (1) I’m pleased to know that you’re greatly interested in ... ,so I’d like to share a piece of good news that there will be a ... .Now,let me offer you some useful information.

            (2) It’s my great honor to invite you to entera ... .Now,let me offer you some useful information about it.

            (3) It’s time for us to say goodbye to ourschool life soon.Surprisingly,there is a/an... prepared for us.Now,let me offeryou some information about it.

            主體段:

            1.時間&地點:The ... will be held in Classroom 302 at 3o’clock in the afternoon on June 8th,2019.

            2.內容:

            (1)主題句:There will be various meaningful activitiesincluded in it.

            (2)要點:First of all,You will be invited to .../You will begiven a chance to ... .which will ...

            After that,It will be more than interesting for you to .../It will impress you a lot to ... so that ...

            At last,doing sth. will play an important part in ... .So ...

            尾段:

            That’s all.I firmly believe that if you join in it,you will ... .

            That’s all.I sincerely hope that you can come and share the happiness/fun with us.

            二、寫人敘事類

            首段:

            (1) 朋友:A friend in need is a friend indeed.I have a friendjust like that who often offers me much warmth in my life. Let me introduce him to you.

            (2) 父母:If you ask me who is the most important one to me,without doubt,the answer is my ... . Let me introduce him to you .

            (3) 老師:In both my life and study,my ... teacher is special to me because heis not only my teacher but also my friend who has made a great difference to my character.

            主體段:

            1.外貌:... is very beautiful but a little fat withlong hair and big eyes.

            2.性格:...is an outgoing woman who always getsalong well with people around her./ ... is very kind to others and easy to geton with./is so ready to help others that we all like to make friends with him.

            3.愛好:She is especially good at cooking and often cooks different delicious foods for me.

            4.事例:

            (1)Linda is like an angel. Whenever I meet trouble, she will always be there. When Ifail my test, She always encourages me to face the fact bravely and then tries tohelp me to check the reason why I fail. At the same time, she shares her goodways of studying with me.

            (2)My Chinese teacher, Ms Li, not only teaches us how to learn, but also teaches ushow to be a person. I remember I made a serious mistakes in Grade seven, that was to copy others’ homework. Ms Li knew that. Instead of being angry with me, she told me the importance of study and encouraged me to study hard to become a talented person in the future.

            (3)Last term, I failed my exam. I was so that that I cried sadly in my room. When mymother came from work late, she talked with me patiently and cheered me up.That evening, when I woke up at night, my mother was still working. I was deeply moved. Then I made up my mind to study harder than before.

            尾段:

            As a sunshine teenager, Xiao Hui is a good example for us to learn from./I will treasure the friendship forever.

            Now I understand my father’s love to me. I will never forget what my father did forme and try my best to make him pleased.

            He is an excellent teacher I will never forget and love himforever.

            三、咨詢建議類

            首段:

            I’m sorry to hear that you have difficulty in doing... .Don’t worry about it! Here are some useful suggestions I ‘d like to share with you.

            主體段:

            1.主題句:Actually,if you are careful, you’ll find various simple ways to help you solve the problem.

            2.要點:

            First and foremost, It’s +adj/n.+for/of sb. to do ....So that...

            In addition,you are supposed to do ... ,which can notonly ... but also ...

            What’s more,you had better (not) do ... ,because ...

            Last but not least,I suggest you (should) do ... ,from which,you’re able to do ...

            尾段:

            With these suggestions carried out,I firmly believe you will improve ... a lot.

            I sincerely hope that my suggestions can be of great help. Looking forward to your earliestreply.

            四、觀點看法類

            首段:

            With the development of the science and technology/society,...is becoming more and more serious./the problem about ...is under a heated discussion/ ... has become a hot topic.As for that,There are different opinions among people.

            主體段:

            On the one hand,some people hold the idea that ... .The reasons are as follows.First, ....Second, ... .Last, ... .

            On the other hand,others disagree.They suppose that ... .Because ... .More importantly, ....

            尾段:

            As far as I’m concerned,every coin has two sides,and ... is not an exception.As long as wetreat ... properly,it will be of great help.


          編輯整理:武漢龍門尚學

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