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    名師指導:巧解英語“完形填空”例談


      完形填空題全面檢測學生的綜合運用能力,集詞匯、語法和上下文理解于一體。既需要豐富的詞匯,較高的感悟力,又需要一定量的詞法和句法知識。

      要想做好完形填空題,同學們需要做到:

      1. 每天至少15~20分鐘高聲朗讀喜歡的、適合自身的短文或片段。求質不求量,每天一篇就夠。要在朗讀中擴大詞匯量,增強語感,積累知識點。

      2. 掌握“完形填空”的解題技巧,走好以下四步。

      第一步:快速閱讀所給短文或片段, 理解其大意。

      第二步:有把握的題目先做,沒把握的先跳過。

      第三步:把握短文或片段的三要素:情節、主題和作者意圖。

      第四步:通讀全文,根據三要素選擇未作答的題目答案。

      以下以一篇“完形填空”題為例進行說明。

      There was once a shepherd who had a daughter whose great beauty1a lot of young men from all over the country.

      One day, the shepherd asked his daughter, “Dear, what kind of2do you want to be your husband?”

      The daughter said, “My future husband can be poor3also a wealthy man.”

      “How could that be? Poor and rich are two4things!” said her father.

      “Dear father, a poor person also has his wealth,” said the daughter. The shepherd then announced that his daughter was ready for5 .

      Therefore, there were many men6outside the shepherd is home. A few7gentlemen came forward followed by their servants and camels8gifts. “We are rich men. We have jewelry, silk, fur and red carpets. Please9one of us.” The shepherd is daughter just10 .

      One11one young men came forward but they were turned12by her. The shepherd began to worry.

      Suddenly, a plainly dressed young man appeared.

      The shepherd asked, “Young man, you look so poor. What can you13my daughter?”

      “My wealth is always with me and it is my14 ,” the young man said. “I am a good tailor. I am also a good15 . I can make tables and chairs within an hour.”

      The lady smiled. The young man continued, “I can cook too. I can cook16meals. I do not have17servants or jewelry. But with my pair of hands, I18have a whole life of wealth!”

      “That  is great!” shouted the shepherd is daughter19 . “You are wealthier than any of them because you have a pair of precious hands. You are my20of an ideal husband!”

      1. A. drew B. pulled  C. attracted D. absorbed

      2. A. men B. man C. a man D. the man

      3. A. but B. and C. so D. or

      4. A. same B. similar  C. opposite D. different

      5. A. work B. job C. project D. marriage

      6. A. seating B. seated C. gathered D. gathering

      7. A. old B. well dressed C. ragged D. poorly dressed

      8.A. carried B. carry C. carrying D. having carried

      9. A. have B. elect C. choose D. make

      10. A. smiled B. laughed  C. cried D. glared

      11. A. by B. after  C. to D. past

      12. A. out B. in C. up D. down

      13. A. help B. offer  C. supply D. provide

      14. A. heart B. hands  C. feet D. food

      15. A. carpenter B. worker C. employee D. artist

      16. A. smelly B. dull  C. terrible D. delicious

      17. A. many B. any  C. much D. some

      18. A. did B. would  C. could D. do

      19. A. excitedly B. obviously C. bitterly D. badly

      20. A. plan B. future  C. idea D. advice

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