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          高中英語必背基礎句型和時態,一定要掌握!


            必背句型

            句型1:There+be +主語+地點狀語/ 時間狀語

            There're three books on the table.

            桌子上有三本書。

            句型2:What's wrong with+sb./sth.?

            What's wrong with your telephone?

            你的手機有什么毛病?

            句型3:How do you like…?

            How do you like China?你覺得中國怎么樣?

            句型4:What do you like about…?

            What do you like about China?

            你喜歡中國的什么?

            句型5:had better(not)+動詞原形

            You'd better ask that policeman over there.

            你最好去問問那邊的那個警察。

            句型7: Thank+sb.+for (doing) sth.

            Thank you for coming to see me.

            感謝你來看我。

            句型8: So+be/情態動詞/助動詞+主語

            He is a student. So am I.

            他是一個學生,我也是。

            句型9: not…until…

            He didn't have supper until his parents came back.

            直到他的父母回來他才吃飯。

            句型10: 比較級十and+比較級

            The baby cried harder and harder.

            那孩子哭得越來越厲害。

            句型11: the+比較級,the+比較級

            The more one has,the more one wants.

            擁有的越多,想要的越多。

            句型12:…as+adj./adv.+as …

            …not as(so)+adj./adv.+as …

            Last Sunday the weather was not so wet as it is today.

            上個星期天的天氣不如今天的天氣潮濕。

            句型13: more/less +adj.+than…

            I think art is less important than music.

            我認為藝術不如音樂重要。

            句型14:stop…from doing sth.

            The Great Green Wall will stop the wind from blowing the earth away.

            綠色長城將阻擋風吹走土壤。

            句型15: both…and…

            Both you and I are students.

            我和你都是學生。

            句型16: either…or…

            Either you or he is wrong.

            不是你錯就是他錯。

            句型17: nei ther…nor…

            Neither he nor I am a student.

            我和他都不是學生。

            句型18: … as soon as…

            As soon as I see him, I'l lgive him the message.

            我一見 到他就把你的消息告訴他。

            句型19: so+adj./adv.+that…

            I was so tired that I didn't want to speak.

            我累得連話也 不想說了。

            句型20: Though … 十主句

            Though I like writing to my pen-friend,it takes a lot of time.

            雖然我喜歡給筆友寫信,但它要耗費我大量時間。

            句型21: be going to

            This afternoon I'm going to buy an English book.

            今 天下午我要去買本英語書。

            句型22: be different from

            I think this is different from Chinese names.

            我認為這 與漢語名字不同。

            句型23: Welcome (back) to…

            Welcome back to school!

            歡迎回到學校!

            句型24: have fun doing

            We're going to have fun learning English this term.

            這學期我們將興味盎然地學習講英語。

            句型25: …because…/…, so..…

            I don't know all your names because this is our first lesson.

            因為這是我們的第一節課,所以我并不知道你們所有人的名字。

            句型26: Why don't you…/ Why not…?

            Why don't you come to school a little earlier?

            為什么不 早點到校呢?

            句型27: make it

            Let's make it half past nine.

            讓我們定在九點半吧!

            句型28: have nothing to do

            They have nothing to do every day.

            他們每天無所事事。

            句型29: be sure/be sure of/ about sth. /be sure to do sth.

            I was not sure of/about the way, so I asked someone.

            我對于怎么走沒有把握,所以我問別人了。

            句型30: between…and…

            There is a shop between the hospital and the school.

            在 那家醫院和那所學校之間有一家商店。

            句型31: keep sb. /sth. +adj. /V-ing /介詞補語 /adv.

            You must keep your classroom clean.

            你們必須保持教 室干凈。

            Sorry to have kept you waiting.

            對不起,讓你久等。

            句型32: find+賓語+賓補

            He finds it very hard to travel around the big city.他發 現要環游這個大城市是很難的。

            句型33:…not…any more / longer

            The old man doesn't travel any more.

            這位老人不再旅 行了。

            句型34: What's the weather like…?

            What's the weather like in spring in your hometown?

            在你們家鄉,春天天氣怎么樣?

            句型35: There is no time to do/have no time to do

            There was no time to think.

            沒有時間思考。

            I have no time to go home for lunch.

            我沒有時間回家 吃午飯。

            句型36: Help oneself to…

            Help yourself to some fish.

            吃魚吧!

            句型37: used to do

            I used to read this kind of story books.

            我過去常讀這種 故事書。

            句型38: borrow…from

            I borrowed a book from him.

            我從他那借 了一本書。

            句型39: lend sb. sth. /lend sth. to sb.

            He lent me a story book/He lent a story book to me.

            他 借了本故事書給我。

            句型40: have been to

            Have you ever been to Hawaii?

            你曾去過夏威夷嗎?

            句型41: have gone to

            Where's he? He's gone to Washington.

            他在哪兒?他 去華盛頓了。

            句型42: be famous for

            Hawaii is famous for its beautiful beaches.夏威夷以它 美麗的海灘而出名。

            句型43: No matter+疑問句+主句

            No matter when you come,you are welcomed.

            無論你 們什么時候來,都受歡迎。

            句型44: be afraid (of/to do/that..)

            Don't be afraid of making mistakes when speaking English.

            當說英語時不要害怕犯錯誤。

            句型45: …as…as possible/…as…as sb. can

            I hope to see him as soon as possible.

            我希望能盡快見 到他。

            He ran here as fast as he could.

            他盡最大努力跑到這兒。

            句型46: practise /enjoy/finish doing

            Tom enjoys playing football very much.

            湯姆很喜歡踢 足球。

            He finished reading the story book.

            他看完了那本故事 書。

            句型47: ask sb . (not) to do sth.

            Her mother ask her to clean the room.

            她媽媽叫她打掃房間。

            句型48:be worth (doing) …

            This book is worth reading.

            這本書值得讀。

            句型49: seem to do / seem +adj. / (介詞短語)

            He seems to be angry.

            他似乎生氣了。

            The house seems too noisy.

            這房子似乎太吵了。

            句型50: It's said that…

            It's said that one of the most dangerous sharks is the Great White Shark.

            據說大白鯊是最危險的鯊魚之一。

            8 大時態結構

            一、一般現在時

            1、 概念:表示經常發生的情況;有規律出現的情況;總是發生的;事實真理。

            2. 時間狀語: Always, usually, often, sometimes, every week (day, year, month…), once a week (day, year, month…), on Sundays (on Mondays…) , etc.

            3. 基本結構: 主語+動詞原形(如主語為第三人稱單數,動詞上要改為第三人稱單數形式)

            4. 否定形式:主語+am / is / are+not+其他;此時態的謂語動詞若為行為動詞,則在其前加 don't,如主語為第三人稱單數,則用 doesn't,同時還原行為動詞。

            5. 一般疑問句:把 be 動詞放于句首;用助動詞 do 提問,如主語為第三人稱單數,則用 does,同時,還原行為動詞。

            eg:

           ?、買t seldom snows here. 這里很少下雪。

           ?、贖e is always ready to help others. 他總是樂于幫助別人。

           ?、跘ction speaks louder than words. 事實勝雄辯。

            二、一般過去時

            1. 概念:過去某個時間里發生的動作或狀態;過去習慣性、經常性的動作、行為。

            2. 時間狀語:ago, yesterday, the day before yesterday, last week, last (year,night,month…), in 1989, just now, at the age of 5, one day, long long ago, once upon a time,etc.

            3. 基本結構:主語+動詞的過去式或 be 的過去式+名詞

            4. 否定形式:主語+was / were+not+其他;在行為動詞前加didn't,同時還原行為動詞。

            5. 一般疑問句:was 或 were 放于句首;用助動詞 do 的過去式 did 提問,同時還原行為動詞。

            eg:

           ?、賁he often came to help us in those days.那些天她經常來幫助我們。

           ?、贗 didn't know you were so busy.我不知道你這么忙。

            三、一般將來時

            1 . 概念:表示將要發生的動作或存在的狀態及打算、計劃或準備做某事。

            2. 時間狀語:Tomorrow, next day (week,month, year…), soon, in a few minutes, by…, the day after tomorrow,etc.

            3. 基本結構:主語+am/is / are+going to+do+其它;主語+will / shall+do+其它

            4. 否定形式:主語+am /is/ are not going to +do;主語+will / shall not do+其它

            5. 一般疑問句:be 放于句首;will / shall 提到句首。(首字母大寫)

            eg:

           ?、賂hey are going to have a competition with us in studies.他們將在學習中與我們競爭。

           ?、贗t is going to rain.天要下雨了。

            四、一般過去將來時

            1. 概念:立足于過去某一時刻,從過去看將來,常用于賓語從句中。

            2. 時間狀語:The next day (morning, year…), the following month (week…), etc.

            3. 基本結構:主語+was / were+going to+do+其它;主語+would / should+do+其它

            4. 否定形式:主語+was / were+not+going to+do +其它;主語+would/should+not+do.

            5. 一般疑問句:was 或 were 放于句首;would / should 提到句首

            eg:

           ?、貶e said he would go to Beijing the next day. 他說他第二天要去北京。

           ?、贗 asked who was going there. 我問,誰要去那里。

            五、現在進行時

            1. 概念:表示現階段或說話時正在進行的動作及行為。

            2. 時間狀語:Now, at this time, days, look, listen, etc.

            3. 基本結構:主語+be+doing+其它

            4. 否定形式:主語+be+not+doing+其它

            5. 一般疑問句:把be動詞放于句首。

            eg:

           ?、貯re you feeling good today?你今天感覺如何?

           ?、贖e is doing well in his lessons.在課上他表現得很好。

            六、過去進行時

            1. 概念:表示過去某段時間或某一時刻正在發生或進行的行為或動作。

            2. 時間狀語:at this time yesterday, at that time 或以 when 引導的謂語動詞是一般過去時的時間狀語等。

            3. 基本結構: 主語+was / were+doing+其它

            4. 否定形式:主語+was/were+not+doing+其它

            5. 一般疑問句:把 was 或 were 放于句首。(第一個字母大寫)

            eg:

           ?、貯t that time she was working in a company. 那段時間她在一家公司工作。

           ?、赪hen he came in, I was reading a newspaper. 他進來時,我正在讀報紙。

            七、現在完成時

            1. 概念:過去發生或已經完成的動作對現在造成的影響或結果,或從過去已經開始,持續到現在的動作或狀態。

            2. 時間狀語:yet, already, just, never, ever, so far, by now, since+時間點,for+時間段,recently, lately, in the past few years,etc.

            3. 基本結構:主語+have / has+過去分詞+其它

            4. 否定形式:主語+have / has+not+過去分詞+其它

            5. 一般疑問句:have 或 has 放句首。

            eg:

           ?、買've written an article. 我已經寫了一篇論文。

           ?、赥he countryside has changed a lot in the past few years. 在過去的幾年,農村發生了巨大的變化。

            八、過去完成時

            1. 概念:過去發生或者已經完成的動作對現在造成的影響或結果,或從過去已經開始,持續到現在的動作或狀態。

            2. 時間狀語:before, by the end of last year (term, month), etc.

            3. 基本結構:had+done.

            4. 否定形式:had+not+done.

            5. 一般疑問句:had 放于句首。

            6. 用法:

            (1)在told, said, knew, heard, thought等動詞后的賓語從句中。

            eg:

            She said (that) she had never been to Paris. 她告訴我她從來沒有去過巴黎。

            (2)在過去不同時間發生的兩個動作中,發生在先,用過去完成時;發生在后,用一般過去時。

            eg:

           ?、賅hen the police arrived, the thieves had run away. 警察到達時,小偷們早就跑了。

            (3)表示意向的動詞,如hope, wish, expect, think, intend, mean,suppose等,用過去完成時表示"原本…,未能…"。

            eg:

           ?、賅e had hoped that you would come, but you didn't. 那時我們希望你能來,但是你沒有來。

           ?、贗 had hardly opened the door when he hit me. 我剛打開門,他就打了我。

            (注意: had hardly… when... 剛......就......)

           ?、跦e had no sooner bought the car than he sold it. 他剛買了這輛車,轉眼又賣了。

            (注意:had no sooner…than 剛…… 就……)


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